Standard for the Poodle (Toy variety) is the same as for the Standard and
Miniature varieties except as regards heights.
POODLE CLUB OF AMERICA, INC.
Breed Standard 1990
Appearance, Carriage and Condition
That of a very active, intelligent and elegant-appearing dog, squarely
built, well proportioned, moving soundly and carrying himself proudly.
Properly clipped in the traditional fashion and carefully groomed, the
Poodle has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar to himself.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The Standard Poodle is over 15 inches at the highest point of
the shoulders. Any Poodle which is 15 inches or less in height shall be
disqualified from competition as a Standard Poodle.
The Miniature Poodle is 15 inches or under at the highest
point of the shoulders, with a minimum height in excess of 10 inches. Any
Poodle which is over 15 inches or is 10 inches or less at the highest point
of the shoulders shall be disqualified from competition as a Miniature
The Toy Poodle is 10 inches or under at the highest point of
the shoulders. Any Poodle which is more than 10 inches at the highest point
of the shoulders shall be disqualified from competition as a Toy Poodle.
As long as the Toy Poodle is definitely a Toy Poodle, and the Miniature
Poodle a Miniature Poodle, both in balance and proportion for the Variety,
diminutiveness shall be the deciding factor when all other points are equal.
ProportionTo insure the desirable squarely built appearance,
the length of body measured from the breastbone to the point of the rump
approximates the height from the highest point of the shoulders to the
SubstanceBone and muscle of both forelegs and hindlegs are in
proportion to size of dog.
Head and Expression
(a) Eyes-- very dark, oval in shape and set far enough apart
and positioned to create an alert intelligent expression. Major fault:
eyes round, protruding, large or very light.
(b) Ears-- hanging close to the head, set at or slightly below
eye level. The ear leather is long, wide and thickly feathered; however, the
ear fringe should not be of excessive length.
(c) Skull-- moderately rounded, with a slight but definite
stop. Cheekbones and muscles flat. Length from occiput to stop about the
same as length of muzzle.
(d) Muzzle-- long, straight and fine, with slight chiseling
under the eyes. Strong without lippiness. The chin definite enough to
preclude snipiness. Major fault: lack of chin. Teeth--
white, strong and with a scissors bite. Major fault: undershot, overshot,
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck well proportioned, strong and long enough to permit the
head to be carried high and with dignity. Skin snug at throat. The neck
rises from strong, smoothly muscled shoulders. Major fault: ewe neck.
The topline is level, neither sloping nor roached, from the
highest point of the shoulder blade to the base of the tail, with the
exception of a slight hollow just behind the shoulder.
(a) Chest deep and moderately wide with well sprung ribs.
(b) The loin is short, broad and muscular.
(c) Tail straight, set on high and carried up, docked of
sufficient length to insure a balanced outline. Major fault: set low,
curled, or carried over the back.
Strong, smoothly muscled shoulders. The shoulder blade is well laid back and
approximately the same length as the upper foreleg. Major fault: steep
(a)Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the front.
When viewed from the side the elbow is directly below the highest point of
the shoulder. The pasterns are strong. Dewclaws may be removed.
The feet are rather small, oval in shape with toes well arched and cushioned
on thick firm pads. Nails short but not excessively shortened. The feet turn
neither in nor out. Major fault: paper or splay foot.
The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters.
(a) Hind legs straight and parallel when viewed from the rear.
Muscular with width in the region of the stifles which are well bent; femur
and tibia are about equal in length; hock to heel short and perpendicular to
the ground. When standing, the rear toes are only slightly behind the point
of the rump. Major fault: cow-hocks.
(a) Quality--(1) Curly: of naturally harsh texture, dense
throughout. (2) Corded: hanging in tight even cords of varying length;
longer on mane or body coat, head, and ears; shorter on puffs, bracelets,
(b) Clip-- A Poodle under 12 months may be shown in the
"Puppy" clip. In all regular classes, Poodles 12 months or over must be
shown in the "English Saddle" or "Continental" clip. In the Stud Dog and
Brood Bitch classes and in a non-competitive Parade of Champions, Poodles
may be shown in the "Sporting" clip. A Poodle shown in any other type of
clip shall be disqualified.
(1) "Puppy"--A Poodle under a year old may be shown in the "Puppy" clip with
the coat long. The face, throat, feet and base of the tail are shaved. The
entire shaven foot is visible. There is a pompon on the end of the tail. In
order to give a neat appearance and a smooth unbroken line, shaping of the
coat is permissible. (2) "English Saddle"--In the "English Saddle" clip the
face, throat, feet, forelegs and base of the tail are shaved, leaving puffs
on the forelegs and a pompon on the end of the tail. The hindquarters are
covered with a short blanket of hair except for a curved shaved area on each
flank and two shaved bands on each hindleg. The entire shaven foot and a
portion of the shaven leg above the puff are visible. The rest of the body
is left in full coat but may be shaped in order to insure overall balance.
(3) "Continental"--In the "Continental" clip, the face, throat, feet, and
base of the tail are shaved. The hindquarters are shaved with pompons
(optional) on the hips. The legs are shaved, leaving bracelets on the
hindlegs and puffs on the forelegs. There is a pompon on the end of the
tail. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the shaven foreleg above the
puff are visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but may be
shaped in order to insure overall balance. (4) "Sporting"--In the "Sporting"
clip, a Poodle shall be shown with face, feet, throat, and base of tail
shaved, leaving a scissored cap on the top of the head and a pompon on the
end of the tail. The rest of the body, and legs are clipped or scissored to
follow the outline of the dog leaving a short blanket of coat no longer than
one inch in length. The hair on the legs may be slightly longer than that on
In all clips the hair of the topknot may be left free or held in place by
elastic bands. The hair is only of sufficient length to present a smooth
outline. "Topknot" refers only to hair on the skull, from stop to occiput.
This is the only area where elastic bands may be used.
The coat is an even and solid color at the skin. In blues, grays, silvers,
browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams the coat may show varying shades
of the same color. This is frequently present in the somewhat darker
feathering of the ears and in the tipping of the ruff. While clear colors
are definitely preferred, such natural variation in the shading of the coat
is not to be considered a fault. Brown and cafe-au-lait Poodles have
liver-colored noses, eye-rims and lips, dark toenails and dark amber eyes.
Black, blue, gray, silver, cream and white Poodles have black noses,
eye-rims and lips, black or self colored toenails and very dark eyes. In the
apricots while the foregoing coloring is preferred, liver-colored noses,
eye-rims and lips, and amber eyes are permitted but are not desirable.
Major fault: color of nose, lips and eye-rims incomplete, or of wrong color
for color of dog.
Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified. The coat of a parti-colored dog is
not an even solid color at the skin but is of two or more colors.
A straightforward trot with light springy action and strong hindquarters
drive. Head and tail carried up. Sound effortless movement is essential.
Carrying himself proudly, very active, intelligent, the Poodle has about him
an air of distinction and dignity peculiar to himself. Major fault:
shyness or sharpness.
Any distinct deviation from the desired characteristics described in the
Size-- A dog over or under the height limits specified shall
be disqualified. Clip-- A dog in any type of clip other than
those listed under coat shall be disqualified. Parti-colors--
The coat of a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the skin but
of two or more colors. Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified.
Value of Points
General appearance, temperament, carriage and condition.......30
Head, expression, ears, eyes and teeth.......20
Body, neck, legs, feet and tail.......20
Coat, color and texture.......10
Approved August 14, 1984
Reformatted March 27, 1990